Vote Bank and Faith of Politician in India
Since independence vote bank politics is the short cut to power. Politicians have divided citizens in groups basically based on religion and caste. There are other criteria also to form groups. These groups are formed so that the group votes for a specific politician or political party. Groups are easier to lure and satisfy group demand(s). Voting is not compulsory so only certain groups vote in the election. Naturally a politician, who is successful in forming group and ensuring the group votes, wins election. In Indian constitution there is no provision to ensure that almost all vote in the election. Hence forming group and luring them to vote has become short cut to power. Vote bank is possible only when a portion of voters vote. If 100% voters exercise their right it would be difficult for politicians to win election based on vote bank. There are some more complications like Aya Ram-Gaya Ram, which need to be resolved for smooth functioning of democracy.