यदी आप गुगल क्रोम इस्तेमाल करते हो तो हिंदी में पढ़ने के लिये इधर क्लिक किजीये. फायर फॉक्स आय ई इस्तेमाल करते हो तो भी शायद पढ़ सकेंगे। प्रयत्न किजीये।
In democracy it is believed that elected candidates represent citizens and work for aspiration of the people. Past experience shows that approximately 15% of total voters in an election constituency are adequate to get elected. Fundamental reason is 50% or more don't vote at all. There are many contestants in which 3-4 are of major consideration. Therefore even 15% or less voters vote for a particular candidate the candidate gets elected. How can a candidate elected by 15% voters be people's representative? Ideally the candidate who is supported by 100% voters should be considered as people's representative. In practice it is difficult. The other solution should be the candidate should be supported by over 50% voters. This should be considered as a reasonable criterion. In order to fulfil this criterion almost all voters must vote.
The government declares voting day in everyconstituency as public holiday. Private sector also gives permission for employeesto go for voting. However, in practice it is seen that on voting day citizensenjoy the holiday and not use it for voting. This is a sad state and reasonsbehind must be explored. Every one thinks that if I don't vote sky is not goingto fall, my vote would be wasted because the candidate whom I wish to vote cannever get elected, even if I don't vote so and so shall get elected and so on. A through study of entire voting process must be carried out, statistics collected and then solution found. Solutions may raise further problems so again study is needed to solve new problem. This process should continue till a flawless or nearly flawless solution is found.
Fundamental problem is to find the right booth where voter's name is registered. Those who really are serious do try to find and when not found return back without voting. Therefore the process right from registration must be studied and solutions found for every problem. When registration is done the name is written either in Roman or local language. This is then converted in other script. While doing this, mistakes occur. Result is even if the voter has name in the list it is never traceable. Second problem is while preparing voter list voter identity number is never entered. This number could be the easiest method to search voter list online. The voter list must include full name in both the scripts, voter identification number registered on the card, full address and pincode of residence area. If this is done meticulously for all voters then the problem of finding name in the list shall be taken care off.
Once care is taken of voters' list the next responsibility of administration is to give him/her a slip which gives name in full, voter card identity number, address, pincode and photo. This slip should be made available in the area where the voter lives or supposed to vote. In case if a voter with voter card is not found in the list a certificate to that effect must be given to the citizen. In short every citizen holding voter identity card must get either of these two slips. Those who get first slip should be directed to correct booth. One person here should check the slip and the card and allow the voter to get in the queue. After vote is caste the officer who supervises/controls voting must sign and stamp the slip. This slip shall prove that a particular citizen has voted. Citizen holding other slip "Name not found in the list" shall prove that the person tried his/her best but due to administrative shortcomings could not vote.
The requirement of voting booths shall increase twice or thrice. It must be necessary to have booth for every 600 voters. Study must be carried out to decide time needed for voting by a single voter. Firstly time is needed to search list and find whether name exists in the list. Then issuing either "Found" or "Not Found" slip. Then those with "Found" slip shall wait in the queue for voting. Finally voter casts vote and the person receives certificate on the slip to that effect duly signed and stamped. Administrative staff should be given specific training about their job and also written letter showing their responsibilities and powers. They should be given at least twice the daily allowance for which individual is entitled. In addition they must be given bonus for good work and punishment for improper work and inhuman behaviour.
There is a need to lock names of all persons who has been issued "Found" slip. This way duplicate voting shall be controlled. There may be more problems. All must be addressed and a solution found for nearly 100% voting. Any candidate who if not 100% at least more than 50% votes can be considered as people's representative.