People of part of the Andhra Pradesh in the area of Telangana are asking for a separate state of Telangana. Telangana region comprise of 10 districts: Adilabad, Hyderabad, Khammam, Karimnagar, Mahbubnagar, Medak, Nalgonda, Nizamabad, Rangareddy, and Warangal. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Telangana Telangana region has an area of 114,840 square kilometres (44,340 sq mi), and a population of 35,286,757 (2011 census) which is 41.6% of Andhra Pradesh state population.
Proponents of a separate Telangana state cite perceived injustices in the distribution of water, budget allocations, and jobs. Within the state of Andhra Pradesh, 68.5% of the catchment area of the Krishna River and 69% of the catchment area of the Godavari River are in the Telangana region. Telangana supporters state that the benefit of irrigation through the canal system under major irrigation projects is accruing substantially, 74.25%, to the Coastal Andhra region, while the share to Telangana is 18.20%. The remaining 7.55% goes to the Rayalaseema region. The state's expenditure on Telangana's major irrigation projects is 18.20% of the total expenditure.
The share of education funding for Telangana ranges from 9.86% in government-aided primary schools to 37.85% in government degree colleges. The above numbers include the expenditure in Hyderabad. Budget allocations to Telangana are generally less than 1/3 of the total Andhra Pradesh budget. There are allegations that in most years, funds allocated to Telangana were never spent. According to Professor Jayashankar only 20% of the total Government employees, less than 10% of employees in the secretariat, and less than 5% of department heads in the Andhra Pradesh government are from Telangana; those from other regions make up the bulk of employment. He also alleged that the state was represented by Telangana chief ministers for only 6 1/2 years out of over five decades of its existence, with no chief minister from the region being in power continuously for more than 2 1/2 years. As per Srikrishna committee on Telangana, Telangana held the position of CM for 10.5 years while Seema-Andhra region held it for 42 years.
Proponents of a separate Telangana state feel that the agreements, plans, and assurances from the legislature and Lok Sabha over the last fifty years have not been honoured, and as a consequence Telangana has remained neglected, exploited, and backward. They allege that the experiment to remain as one state has proven to be a futile exercise and that separation is the best solution.
These demands are everywhere in the world leave aside India. If you consider smaller states there also discrimination exists. If fact it is human tendency to see ill effects first, compare with others and crib or agitate. My parental village is on the bank of river Koyana. The village decided to have an irrigation project by lifting water from the river. Engineers were hired to survey and make a plan for the project. Engineers prepared a plan. The plan recommended irrigating agricultural land in the eastern part of the village. This created rift between villagers having land in eastern and western part. The result was division of village in 2 parts East and west. Moral of the story is agitation for division can end only at individual level. Such demands can stop only when an independent nation is created for every individual. Division is no solution.
There are more demands for division of states and creating new states. These are shown on the map in different colours: 1)Anga Pradesh(Brown), 2)Ladakh (Pink), 3)Harit Pradesh (Dark Green), 4)Maru Pradesh (Dark Grey), 5)Bundelkhand (Dark blue), 6)Bagelkhand (water blue), 7)Purvanchal (Purple), 8)Mithila, 9)Gorkhaland (red), 10)Bodoland (light green), 11)Saurashtra (light grey), 12)Vidarbha (Orange), 13)Telangana (Yellow), 14)Rayalaseema (Dark Pink), 15)Tulu Nadu (Black), 16)Kodagu (sky blue), 17)Kosal (Maroon). Reasons put forward for separate state are common, fundamentally neglected area and communication. These reasons are debatable. Difficulties created by smaller states are more than the problem addressed. Fundamental problem created is imbalance, horse trading, changes in decisions and alike.
There can be a solution for all these without creating separate state and still getting all the advantages of smaller state. Present system needs to be changed. Let there be zones in every state and let there be constitutional hoses of elected representatives from village, tehsil, district and zones in the state. Zones shall be made of districts with similar conditions. Cities shall be divided in to tehsils and districts. Bigger city with more than 1 district shall be considered as a zone. A total change is needed in the administrative set up of India.
If this system is followed people of Telangana would not ask for a separate state. Many small states may like to merge with neighbouring bigger state. All advantages of small and big state shall be available in this new set up. All aspiring small state shall not press their demand.