I am member of the group on face book "Against Aarakshan". I thought of finding detailed information and I found it at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reservation_in_India. Read the following on internet http://www.mukto-mona.com/Articles/avijit/slavery_hinduism.htm,
"Hinduism is the one and only religion in this world which has a documented concept of "Occhut" (Untouchables). It is the only religion in this world which spread racism directly by scripture, and by preachers. Those 'untouchable Dalits', who had been considered as 'slaves' by Aryans, are, no doubt, the most pitiable victims of Hindu religion.
In ancient Rig-Veda, we find clear mention of slaves. From Aryan scripture, we get three types of slaves [Ref. Pracheen Bharotey Dash-protha: Devraj Channa] -
1 Slaves because of incurring debts
2. Slaves because of loosing in gamble
3. Slaves because of loosing in war.
Since then the slaves are denoted as captivated purchasable product. It has been legalized to have intercourse with the women of defeated side after the war as the women were considered as the "spoil of war". There are numerous examples in ancient Hindu scriptures where royal sages made relationship with slave-girls. One example may be the birth of Kaksmibaan as depicted in Rig-Veda (1|116) who was born because of the relationship between Dirghotomaa and a slave-girl of Angamhishi. Kobosh-Oilush was also a child of a slave girl.
Hindu scriptures intentionally described slaves as "black", "black-vagina", "inactive" or even "inhuman" etc. Aryans were different for the slaves and it is said that Indra, the sovereign of the Hindu gods, did this separation (Rig-Veda 2|20|7, 10|22|3, 86|19, Atharva Veda 5|13|8). A Slave was considered nothing but as a property, and (s)he was even allowed to be destroyed for just the benefit of Aryans (Rig-Veda 1|19|8, 5|34|6, 6|25|2, 8|40|6). It was also an ancient tradition to provide a slave girl with a new bride just after the marriage for her convenience in new house. In Vedic literature of later ages, we get an incident of a paramount ruler who made presentation about thousand slave-girls to his clergy [Oitoreyo Brahmmon 39|8]. Ramayan and Mahabharat also mentioned about slaves. In an incident of Ramayana, we once found Raja Ram meeting with slave community (Dhibor Das) who lived by the bay of Ganges. They used to live their life by fishing, hunting and collecting fruits in near by jungles. It is quite interesting to note that there is a lot of evidence that slaves were being kept in the palace of Ram and Kaikeyi. (But Surprisingly There Was Not a Single Evidence of Keeping Slaves in the royal mansion of Ravan in Lanka.) We also find a very clear indication of a well-established slave-based Hindu society in Mahabharat "
I also read that if an Aryan can't get son from his wife he is allowed to use slave woman and get children till he gets a son. All daughters were given to slave family and the son was taken in Aryan family. This may be the reason for mixed colour of skin in Aryans and slaves.
In modern times the slaves did not agitate for rights or reservation. This sacred task was undertaken by a king of princely state in India as early as 1902, to eradicate poverty and to give them their due share in the State Administration. The notification of 1902 created 50% reservation in services for backward classes/communities in the State of Kolhapur. This is the first official instance (Government Order) providing for reservation for depressed classes in India. After independence following steps were taken:
- 1947–1950 - Debates of the Constituent Assembly.
- 26/01/1950-The Constitution of India came in force.
- 1953 - Kalelkar Commission was established to assess the situation of the socially and educationally backward class. The report was accepted as far as Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes were concerned. The recommendations for OBC's were rejected.
- 1956 - Schedules amended as per Kaka Kalelkar report.
- 1976 - Schedules amended.
- 1979 - Mandal Commission was established to assess the situation of the socially and educationally backward. The commission didn't have exact figures for a sub-caste, known as the Other Backward Class (OBC), and used the 1930 census data, further classifying 1,257 communities as backward, to estimate the OBC population at 52%.
- 1980 - the commission submitted a report, and recommended changes to the existing quotas, increasing them from 22% to 49.5%.As of 2006[update] number of castes in Backward class list went up to 2297 which is the increase of 60% from community list prepared by Mandal commission.
- 1990 - Mandal commission recommendations were implemented in Government Jobs by Vishwanath Pratap Singh. Student Organisations launched nationwide agitations. Rajiv Goswami Delhi university student attempted self-immolation. Many students followed suit.
- 1991 - Narasimha Rao Government introduced 10% separate reservation for Poor Among Forward Castes.
- 1992 - Supreme court upheld reservations to Other backward classes in Indira Sawhney Case. Also see Reservations and Judiciary section
- 1995 - Parliament by 77th Constitutional amendment inserted Art 16(4) (A) permitting reservation in promotions to the Schedule Castes and Schedule Tribes. Later it was further amended to include consequential seniority by 85th amendment.
- 1998 - Central Government conducted large nationwide survey for the first time to estimate economical and educational status of various social groups. The National Sample Survey puts the figure at 32%. There is substantial debate over the exact number of OBC's in India, with census data compromised by partisan politics. It is generally estimated to be sizable, but lower than the figures quoted by either the Mandal Commission or and national Sample Survey. Mandal commission has been criticised of fabricating the data. National surveys indicated that status of OBC is comparable to Forward castes in many areas. http://www.business-standard.com/common/storypage.php?autono=264481&leftnm=4&subLeft=0&chkFlg=]
- 12 August 2005 - The Supreme Court delivered a unanimous judgement by 7 judges on 12 August 2005 in the case of P.A. Inamdar & Ors. vs. State of Maharashtra & Ors. declaring that the State can't impose its reservation policy on minority and non-minority unaided private colleges, including professional colleges.
- 2005 - 93rd Constitutional amendment brought for ensuring reservations to other backward classes and Scheduled castes and Tribes in Private Educational institutions. This effectively reversed the 2005 August Supreme Court judgement.
- 2006 - The Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court in M. Nagraj & Ors Vs. Union of India & Ors upheld the constitutional validity of Art 16(4) (A), 16(4) (B) and proviso to Art 335.
- 2006 - Reservations introduced for Other backward classes in Central Government Educational Institutions. Total Reservation went up to 49.5%. Also See Recent Development.
- 2007 - Supreme Court give stayed on OBC reservation in Central Government Educational Institutions.
- 2008 - The Supreme Court of India on 10 April 2008 upheld the Government's move for initiating 27% OBC quotas in Government funded institutions. The Court has categorically reiterated its prior stand that "Creamy Layer" should be excluded from the ambit of reservation policy. The Supreme Court avoided answering the question whether reservations can be made in private institutions, stating that the question will be decided only as and when a law is made making reservations in private institutions. The verdict produced mixed reactions from supporting and opposing quarters. Several criteria to identify creamy layer has been recommended, which are as follows: Those with family income above Rs 250,000 a year should be in creamy layer, and excluded from the reservation quota. Also, children of doctors, engineers, chartered accountants, actors, consultants, media professionals, writers, bureaucrats, defence officers of colonel and equivalent rank or higher, high court and Supreme Court judges, all central and state government Class A and B officials. The court has requested Parliament to exclude MPs’ and MLAs’ children, too.
- 2010 - The Supreme Court held that if the state wants to frame rules with regard to reservation in promotions and consequential seniority it has to satisfy itself with quantifiable data that is there is backwardness, inadequacy of representation in public employment and overall administrative inefficiency and unless such an exercise was undertaken by the state government the rules in promotions and consequential seniority cannot be introduced.
From above information I collected following conclusions are obvious:
1. There is a class of downtrodden and was treated as slaves for thousands of years.
2. These slaves were untouchables.
3. In spite of being untouchables the women were used to produce children by Aryans.
4. Slaves had no rights to property, education etc.
5. Slaves were treated as property of Aryans and Aryans were allowed to use then as Aryans liked.
6. Reservation policy was first introduced by king of princely state of Kolhapur Rajarshi Shahu during 1902. This had been the first government order in India.
7. After independence from British reservation policy for SC and ST was accepted during 1953 but were rejected for other backward classes.
8. Mandal Commission submitted report for OBC during 1980 and recommended reservation for OBC (touchable but backward)
9. Mandal Commission recommendations were accepted and implemented during 1990.
10. Thereafter reservations in education, employment, promotion were challenged in court of law and also amendments issued.
From above I draw following conclusions:
1. Christens have method of 'confession' whereas Hindus have method of 'Prayachitta' So reservation accepted for untouchables is 'Prayachitta' and all those believe in Hindu religion have nothing to oppose it.
|Demonstration for Reservation|
3. Women were also treated as slaves and property (similar condition like SC/ST except touchability) but no reservation was considered for them till recently. Politicians are not serious about it as that doesn't count for vote bank. Moreover by giving reservation to women, males get affected specially in political field.
|Demonstration: Reservation for Women|