Wednesday, 16 April 2014

Aadhaar i.e. authentication by Unique Identification Authority of India:

Aadhaar Card

Unique Identification Authority of India has been established under Planning Commission Government of India. Information collected from Indians is much more than the usefulness of this card. The Government of India claims UIDAI has been established primarily as the basis for efficient delivery of welfare services. Exact purpose as taken from the website is as under:-

“UIDAI Background

Unique identification project was initially conceived by the Planning Commission as an initiative that would provide identification for each resident across the country and would be used primarily as the basis for efficient delivery of welfare services. It would also act as a tool for effective monitoring of various programs and schemes of the Government.

a.             The concept of a unique identification was first discussed and worked upon since 2006 when administrative approval for the project –"Unique ID for Below Poverty Line (BPL) families" was given on 03 March 2006 by the Department of Information Technology, Ministry of Communications and Information Technology. This project was to be implemented by the National Informatics Centre (NIC) over a period of 12 months. Subsequently, a Processes Committee to suggest processes for updating, modification, addition and deletion of data fields from the core database to be created under the Unique ID for below BPL project was set up on 03 July 2006. This was set up under the chairmanship of Dr. Arvind Virmani, Principal Adviser, Planning Commission.

b.            A "Strategic Vision on the UIDAI Project" was prepared and submitted to this Committee by M/S Wipro Ltd (Consultant for the design phase and program management phase of the Pilot UIDAI project). It envisaged the close linkage that the UIDAI would have to the electoral database. The Committee also appreciated the need of a UIDAI Authority to be created by an executive order under the aegis of the Planning Commission to ensure a pan-departmental and neutral identity for the authority and at the same time enable a focused approach to attaining the goals set for the XI Plan. The Seventh Meeting of the Process Committee on 30 August 2007 decided to furnish to the Planning commission a detailed proposal based on the resource model for seeking its "in principle" approval.

c.             At the same time, the Registrar General of India was engaged in the creation of the National Population Register and issuance of Multi-purpose National Identity Cards to citizens of India.

d.            Therefore, it was decided, with the approval of the Prime Minister, to constitute an empowered group of Ministers (EGoM) to collate the two schemes – the National Population Register under the Citizenship Act, 1955 and the Unique Identification Number project of the Department of Information Technology. The EGoM was also empowered to look into the methodology and specific milestones for early and effective completion of the Project and take a final view on these. The EGoM was constituted on 04 December 2006.

Ø            The first meeting of the EGoM was held on 27 November 2007. It recognised the need for creating an identity related resident database, regardless of whether the database is created based on a de-novo collection of individual data or is based on already existing data such as the voter list, there is a crucial and imperative need to identify and establish an institutional mechanism that will "own" the database and will be responsible for its maintenance and updating on an ongoing basis post its creation.

Ø            The second meeting of the EGoM was held on 28 January 2008. It decided on the strategy for the collation of NPR and UIDAI. Inter-alia, the proposal to establish UIDAI Authority under the Planning Commission was approved.

Ø            The third meeting of the EGoM was held on 07 August 2008. The Planning Commission had placed before the EGoM a detailed proposal for setting up UIDAI. The meeting decided that certain issues raised by the members with relation to the UIDAI (Annexure to the EGoM meeting proceedings) would need to be examined by an official level committee. It referred the matter to a Committee of Secretaries to examine and give its recommendations to the EGoM to facilitate a final decision.

Ø            Subsequent to the Committee of Secretaries recommendations, the fourth meeting of the EGoM was held on 04 November 2008. The recommendations of the Committee of Secretaries were presented to the EGoM and the following decisions were taken.

·        Initially the UIDAI may be notified as an executive authority and investing it with statutory authority could be taken up for consideration later at an appropriate time.

·        UIDAI may limit its activities to creation of the initial database from the electoral roll/EPIC data. UIDAI may however additionally issue instructions to agencies that undertake creation of databases to ensure standardization of data elements.

·        UIDAI will take its own decision as to how to build the database. 

·        UIDAI would be anchored in the Planning Commission for five years after which a view would be taken as to where the UIDAI would be located within Government.

·        Constitution of the UIDAI with a core team of 10 personnel at the central level and directed the Planning Commission to separately place a detailed proposal with the complete structure, rest of staff and organizational structure of UIDAI before the Cabinet Secretary for his consideration prior to seeking approval under normal procedure through the DoE/CCEA.

·        Approval to the constitution of the State UIDAI Authorities simultaneously with the Central UIDAI with a core team of 3 personnel.

·        December 2009 was given as the target date for UIDAI to be made available for usage by an initial set of authorized users.

·        Prior to seeking approval for the complete organizational structure and full component of staff through DoE and CCEA as per existing procedure, the Cabinet Secretary should convene a meeting to finalize the detailed organizational structure, staff and other requirements.

Ø      Subsequently, on 22 January 2009 the Cabinet Secretary in pursuance of the decisions of the Empowered Group of Ministers considered the proposal submitted by the Department of Information Technology regarding the governance structure and recommended that.

·        The notification for constitution of the UIDAI should be issued immediately.

·        A High Level Advisory, Monitoring and Review Committee headed by Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission to be constituted to oversee the work of the authority.

·        A Member, Planning Commission or the Secretary, Planning Commission may also be assigned the task of looking after the work proposed for the Chief UIDAI Commissioner.

·        Core Team to be put in place.

1.      In pursuance of the Empowered group of Ministers' fourth meeting dated 04 November 2008, the Unique Identification Authority of India was constituted and notified by the Planning Commission on 28 January 2009 as an attached office under the aegis of Planning Commission with an initial core team of 115 officials. The role and responsibilities of the UIDAI was laid down in this notification. The UIDAI was given the responsibility to lay down plan and policies to implement UIDAI scheme and shall own and operate the UIDAI database and be responsible for its updating and maintenance on an ongoing basis.

Prime Minister's Council

Prime Minister's Council on UIDAI Authority - Subsequently, on 02 July 2009, the Government appointed Shri. Nandan M. Nilekani as Chairman of the Unique Identification Authority of India, in the rank and status of a Cabinet Minister for an initial tenure of five years. Mr. Nilekani has joined the UIDAI as its Chairman on 23 July 2009. The Prime Minister's Council of UIDAI Authority of India was set up on 30 July 2009. The Council is to advise the UIDAI on Programme, methodology and implementation to ensure co-ordination between Ministries/Departments, stakeholders and partners. The Council would meet once every quarter. The First Meeting of the Prime Minister's Council of UIDAI Authority took place on 12 August 2009.

The salient decisions in the PMs Council were as follows:

·        Need for legislative framework

·        Broad Endorsement of the Strategy

·        Budgetary Support to partners

·        Setting Biometric and Demographic Standards

·        UIDAI Structure Contours Approved

·        Flexibility in Personnel and other issues

·        Choose, Deploy and Repatriate Officers

·        Government Accommodation Eligibility

·        Broad-banding of posts

·        Hiring of professionals from Market

·        Setting up of Global Advisory Councils of PIOs

·        Interns and Sabbatical Global Procurement

Cabinet Committee

The Government of India issued orders constituting the Cabinet Committee on UIDAI Authority on 22 October 2009. It is headed by the Honourable Prime Minister and consists of the Minister of Finance, Minister of Agriculture, Minister of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution, Minister of Home Affairs, Minister of External Affairs, Minister of Law and Justice, Minister of Communications and Information Technology, Minister of Labour and Employment, Minister of Human Resource Development, Minister of Rural Development and Panchayat Raj, Minister of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation and Minister of Tourism. The Deputy Chairman Planning Commission and Chairman UIDAI are special invitees. The functions of the Committee, which is headed by the Honourable PM, would be as under:

All issues relating to the Unique identification Authority of India including its organisation, plans, policies, programmes, schemes, funding and methodology to be adopted for achieving the objectives of that Authority.”
Acknowledgement Slip

In my opinion the government took steps hurriedly without considering its usefulness for every activity of citizens and need by the government for executing various programmes. Major stress had been given on administrative staff needs and method of building database. The work started without clear aim. If the aim would have been clear and if it included combining every information needed by a citizen the efforts would have been successful. The reason may be political for not including every aspect of life in this scheme.  However, citizen gets priority over politics so there is a need to change it and make it successful. I propose following action:-

1.            Work should be divided in to phases after consulting all deparments, governments and citizens. Primary aim should be to have a single database for every need of the citizens.

2.            There is no need to complete work in one go. Priorities should be laid down after finalising needs. For example first priority should be address proof. Later other information should be added to database and in time to come the work completed say in 5 years.

3.            There should be a method for registering initially just address online by every Indian irrespective of age or sex. This should be saved in a temporary database. Citizen should provide necessary proof to authority appointed for this purpose. This authority shall be responsible for checking and either accept or reject within 2 working days from receipt of proof. Accepted data shall be added to permanent database.

4.            There should be many tables in the database one each for every identity. For example Personal data like name, address, height, weight, photo, fingerprints, permanent mark on body etc. Another table should be for say education, still another for occupation, ration, income tax and so on. In short these tables should give information needed for various purposes.

5.            Although tables should be planned for every need it is not necessary to register data in every table. The government should decide on minimum information say identity and leave every thing to person. At the same time the government must specify which table should be registered for what purpose. It should be responsibility of the person to register his/her information and provide proof to the government for validation. The government must validate in a specific time specified for each of the table.

6.            As and when information is needed by any one it should be obtained from this database and the individual should not be harassed by any authority. This means information stored shall be secured and can be modified only by authorised persons in the government. Specific government official shall be totally responsible for correctness.

7.            Constructing such a database is a huge task. It can’t be completed in one go or in a period like one or 2 years. Time limit should be only for identity of a person. Rest of the information should be left to individuals. At the same time specific period (to be taken by the government official after receipt of information with proof) must be specified for each of the sets of information.
 Two modifications are suggested. First the structure of database should be in the for of independent table for each purpose of information and all tables connected by UID. UID should be generated while creating first table giving preliminary information of a citizen. Preliminary information should include, Self Name, Mother's name, Father's name, Birth date, Birth time, Postal PIN code. The UID should be generated using 6 digits of Birth place PIN Code, 8 digits of Birth Date and 4 digits of Birth Time in this order. The number would become 18 digits but the person would remember it more easily. Example is say New Delhi (110011), 15 Aug 1992 at 21:20 hrs. The number would work out to be 110011150819922120.This number should be common factor to connect various tables giving different information about the individual. Except basic information table all other tables must be protected by passwords.

Aadhaar i.e. UIDAI project is a wonderful tool for ensuring benefits of democracy reach to the last person in the chain. This needs some modifications in implementation and converting it to all needed identities for an Indian citizen. It must be such that once the information with proof has been submitted by a citizen his identity for that purpose must be available within 2 working days. Certificate obtained online must be taken as correct. In order to ensure this tremendous efforts are needed by the government. The government must lay down procedure with time limit and fix specific responsibility to a specific person. Further the information should be in 2 parts i.e. Available to all and available to those who know password. In second category only the person who possesses the Aadhar Card should be included. Or else Aadhar Card would become a laughing stock as shown in the picture.

Aadhaar Card Process

Information Sharing (Not Safe Yet)

Is it a Laughing stock!

Proof for Citizenship (not accepted)

Some Useful links Click on the heading for a particular task.

      How To Update Or Correct YourAadhaarCard Online Step by step:  
 India Post is Helping in registering villagers in remote villages with a right instrument.


Gajanan Joshi said...

A single database with independent table for each purpose shall be useful. Aadhaar card in present state serves hardly any purpose. It is practical way to build this information set in phases is the best suggestion. Indian citizens would be in a position to get information added as and when they need a particular identity for a specific purpose. There is no need to put a deadline for completing all information in this database. The Government and Shri Nandkeni should think over this and stop cribbing that citizens are not cooperating.

Janahitwadi said...

@ Gajanan Joshi, Aadhar Card should be a multipurpose card. Implementation should be in stages, Starting point should be Name and address. Next stage identification like photo, permanent marks on body, fingerprints etc. Then information needed for every purpose should be stored in different tables linked with main database. Citizens should be allowed to modify edit temporary database having exactly same structure. Modified information must be checked at appropriate level by appointed authority and then the main database should be corrected with authenticated information. This would be a continuous process and citizens would add information in stages or as and when needed. Advantage of such a database would be Modified data would be available to each and every table. Accidental deletion of names from electoral rolls could be avoided by this method. Thank you for elaborating importance of Aadhaar card suggesting this method to the government.

Eaadhaar said...

Oh, I find that a bit worried about Aadhaar. But thanks to make me know about the best information of aadhaar card,we are thankful to you and always feels fortunate when we visit here,I feel strongly happy to read more on this topic. Eaadhaar Card

dip said...

Check Aadhar card status
Know aadhar card status by name

dip said...

Check Aadhar card status
Know aadhar card status by name

माधव बामणे said...

आधारकार्डला वैधानिक दर्जा
शासनाने आधारकार्डाच्या रुपातून एक अभिनव कल्पना प्रत्यक्षात आणण्याचा प्रयत्न केला. परंतु, जसे गरम अन्न मध्यावरून खाण्याचा प्रयत्न केल्यावर होते तसे झाले. हात भाजला परंतु, पोटात घासही गेला नाही. सुरवात जर टप्प्याटप्प्याने केली असती तर हे काम अर्थपूर्णपणे झाले असते व त्याचा उपयोग सर्व व्यक्तिसंबंधि कारभार डिजिटल होण्यात झाला असता. एक संगणक प्रणाली अशी आहे की ती मध्ये लक्षावधि कोष्टके (टेबल्स) एकमेकाशी जोडली जातात. प्रत्येक टेबल स्वतंत्रपणे काम करते म्हणजे त्यातील माहिती स्वतंत्रपणे बदलता येते. म्हणजेच एका कोष्टकातील माहिती बदल दुसऱ्या कोणत्याही कोष्टकावर परिणाम करत नाही. आधारकार्ड बनविताना हीच पद्धत वापरली असती तर सुरवातीला एक साधे कोष्टक पुरेसे होते. त्यामध्ये व्यक्तिचे नांव, पत्ता, जन्मतारीख, जन्मठिकाण, पोष्टाचा पिनकोड अशी सर्वसाधारण माहिति घेऊन त्या व्यक्तिला यूआयडी (आधारक्रमांक) देता आला असता. हा क्रमांकही जन्मतारीख, जन्मवेळ, जन्मठिकाणाचा पिनकोड यावरून बनविता आला असता. या प्रकारे तयार केलेला क्रमांक सर्वसाधारण व्यक्तिंना ध्यानात ठेवण्यासही सोपा गेला असता. हे काम शासनाला करुन घेणे सोपेही गेले असते. त्याकरिता शाळा, महाविद्यालये, कार्यालये, कारखाने वगैरे ठिकाणी जाऊन नोंदणी करणे शक्य होते. त्यानंतर इतर माहिती जसी लागेल तशी शासनाच्या वेगवेगळ्या विभागानी थेट जनतेपर्यंत पोहचून वेगळ्या कोष्टकात नोंदविता आली असती. त्यामध्ये आधारक्रमांकाने समन्वयाचे काम केले असते म्हणजेच वेगवेगळी कोष्टके जोडताना लागणारा समान धागा म्हणून आधारक्रमांक वापरता आला असता. याच बरोबर निरनिराळ्या कोष्टके पाहण्याकरिता पास वर्डचा वापर करता आला असता, म्हणजेच ती माहिती गोपनिय ठेवता आली असती. अशा आधारकार्डाला वैधानिक दर्जा देण्यात कसलाही अडथळा आला नसता.

Popular Posts