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Sunday, 6 February 2011

India on verge of zero population growth:


India followed democratic methods for controlling population growth. Education had been primary tool used for changing minds of people. This had been a slow process but has paid returns. Now it is expected that overall growth shall be around 16 per thousand during the year 2010. Final results of census shall give the right figures. Data collected from 3 sources is appended below.
"Catch them young" has been proved be true as always. Hence even fight against terrorism should also be conducted as per this theme.

Decadal growth rate (adjusted) by religious communities
Religious Communities
1961-71
1971-81
1981-91
1991-2001
All
24.8
24.8
23.8
21.5
Hindus
23.4
24.2
22.8
20.0
Muslims
31.2
30.8
32.9
29.3
Christians
36
19.2
17
22.1
Buddhists
17
25.4
36
23.2
Jains
28.5
23.7
4
26.0
Others
97.7
26.6
13.2
111.3

India succeeding in slowing population growth,  Sunil Kataria

NEW DELHI, Feb 2 (Reuter) - India, the world's second most populous nation, has succeeded in slowing population growth and the trend is expected to continue as people realise the benefits of raising smaller families, analysts said on Sunday.
"In the next few years, our population (growth rate) will decline faster than what we are anticipating," D.B. Gupta, a demographer with the Institute of Economic Growth, told Reuters.
Experts said the change was linked to higher media exposure of the advantages of smaller families.
The government said on Thursday the population grew to 936 million in 1996/97 (April-March) from 920 million a year earlier.
"In the previous years, the figure (of annual growth) used to waver between 18 and 19 million. So, an increase of 16 million in 1996 shows that...the Welfare Ministry and its policies are on the right track," Gupta said.
Officals say government measures to encourage smaller families include literacy campaigns, particularly among women, and allowing an active role by voluntary organisations to educate rural Indians on the benefits of having fewer children. The organisations often use folk lore and music to help increase awareness about family planning.
India's current population of 936 million is second only to China's 1.2 billion. The rate of population growth, 2.1 percent per annum in the decade between 1980 to 1990, fell to 1.8 percent in the period 1990-94, according to a World Bank report.
Gupta dismissed the forecasts of some demographers who say that India's population will overtake China's by 2040.
India conducts a census every 10 years. The population was 548 million in 1971, 683 million in 1981 and 846 million in 1991.
Population experts say a wider media exposure generated by India's economic reforms launched in 1991 is helping to slow population growth.
"Going by the figures, it does seem that some brakes have been applied and a further slowdown is only logical," he said. India in 1951 was the first country to introduce a family planning programme but it failed to have much impact on millions of illiterate people. In 1977, then prime minister Indira Gandhi led her Congress party to a humiliating electoral defeat widely linked to efforts to force a sterilisation programme during her two preceding years of emergency rule.

In absolute terms, the population of India increased by a whopping 180.6 million during the decade 1991 - 2001. Although the net addition in population during each decade has increased consistently, the change in net addition has shown a steady declining trend over the decades starting from 1961. While 27.9 million more people were added between the decade 1981 - 1991 than between 1971 - 1981, this number decline to 17.6 million for the decades between 1981 - 1991 and 1991 - 2001. This implies that although India continues to grow in size, its pace of net addition is on the decrease.

India has more than 50% of its population below the age of 25 and more than 65% hovers below the age of 35. It is expected that, in 2020, the average age of an Indian will be 29 years, compared to 37 for China and 48 for Japan; and, by 2030, India's dependency ratio should be just over 0.4.[3]
India has more than two thousand ethnic groups, and every major religion is represented, as are four major families of languages (Indo-European, Dravidian, Austro-Asiatic and Tibeto-Burman languages) as well as a language isolate (the Nihali language[4] spoken in parts of Maharashtra).

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demographics_of_India

2 comments:

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Population of India

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