A vegetable market is a dire necessity. However no space could be purchased due to high land rates. Small traders want to organise a small shop but cannot do so as he/she cannot afford land price. A school cannot be provided because no space is available. Even if space for school building is available, play ground cannot be accommodated in the school budget. Cyber cafe is inescapable necessity but cannot be thought off due to exorbitant land prices. A mall can be constructed but roads are not adequately wide to manage traffic. There are many more problems say traffic density and capacity of road, no safe way for pedestrians, no safe space for fast public transport, road accidents, footpath dwellers, footpath sellers, non-availability of domestic work force, additional construction by low income group in the buildings constructed for such groups, illegal increase in height of buildings, breaking road for laying or repairing service lines. This list can extend like Shree Mahaveer Hanuman's tail. A single answer for all this mismanagement is town planning department of the government.
Presently in India town planning department works in two tires. One at the level of central government and another at state level. In past over 60 years at no level efforts have been made to gauge need of norms taking in to consideration at least 50 years' development. City like Mumbai would have been comfortable and worth living if adequate precautions would have been taken. Presently over 50% population has no safe roof to stay. It is well known that the city is developed on a small island. Naturally the space is restricted. There is limit this space can accommodate people. However, no care has been to restrict population growth. An easy method has been found to acquire more land of nearby villages without giving any thought for effect on environment. After constructing buildings the department thinks about traffic. Billions of rupees are spent on metro trains, city buses, local trains and private vehicles. Second example is near by city of Pune, third is Nashik and so on. This list would continue till last town is added in the list.
Earlier I had expressed in one of the articles (http://janahitwadi.blogspot.com/2011/03/town-planning-for-india.html) that all cities and towns in India are over populated. There is no possibility of finding even a short termed solution for problems of cities and towns. Solution suggested is to provide a 300 metre wide corridor joining all cities and towns and planning new townships along the corridor. Details can be found in that article. I sincerely hope that some one puts town planners on right track and make them work and give solution.